The effect of heat and wind on the rocks over time led to the formation of sand and sand dunes , beside masses of sand deposited by fluvial and marine erosion resulting from the advancement and retreatment of the sea which left behind many types of sea shells and magnificent ammonites proliferated in its worm muddy water.

The origin of the oasis has been subject to controversy ,because they are inland basins with no access to the sea , its believed they were formed by the action of the wind , its also certain that their excavation was accelerated by the water of the pluvial period.

The appearance of Neolithic pastoral communities in the climate of the desert happened due to a 5000 years interval of meagre summer rains that filled the excavated playa and made human settlement possible.

For age after age the environment that is now the desert was lifted up, sank, submerged, and was hot, cold, moist or dry.

As it evolved, debris piled up, level after level, which now can be identified as coming from a particular age. These strata exposed in the cliff sides of the mountains and escarpment was laid into place over millions of years, preserving into the rocks the secrets of life on earth.

Photographing the uweinat mountain barberry sheep (January 2012 expedition)

Introducing first Arabic documentary movie about Gilf Kebir

Rock Art discovery in Uweinat Mountain (March2007 expedition)

Sunday times article (May 2006 expedition)

UPDATE : February   2013

2012-2013  Planned Expeditions

latest Galleries (Jan 2012 gallery)


Neil Griffiths
Egyptian revolution memorial


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