Travelling through the desert depended on Bedouin guides and camels until early 20 century. Camels can travel without drinking for few weeks and the Bedouins knew the desert secrets and they adapted their life style to suite their homeland.
|In the toughest conditions a Bedouin would travel across the desert only by drinking camel milk and eating dates and any hunt ( by hand or dog or falcon and later by rifles in modern times ) on the way. This is not enough in terms of preparation and supplies from modern point of view but it’s the environment effect, in some cases like camels rubbery or tribal fights a Bedouin would venture into the desert immediately after his quest. They depend on very sharp senses to remember landmarks and navigate by the sun and the stars, these conditions had made them the masters of the desert.
Exploring the desert remained exclusively in their hands, it was extremely difficult to find guides willing to travel with strangers, so the desert remained closed. That was the case until the introduction of motor car in the desert. During the European occupation of North Africa the car replaced the camel and become the vevirote method of transportation. It increased the travelling range and enabled carrying more quantities of water and supplies.