The Egyptian desert especially gapal uwinate and the gilf kebir provide a perfect gallery for viewing one of the finest collections of rock art.
These ancient art forms have proven astonishingly enduring, their whimsical beauty reflects an almost child like simplicity in the conception of the natural world, but they had been created by skilful artists.
The two main types of rock art are paintings and carvings (also known as petroglyphs).
The paintings were usually made by a brush made of feathers or animal hair, spatula made of stick or bone or the fingers of the artist .to ensure accurate proportions, the artists are believed to have painted the images in outline and then coloured them in.
The colours have been derived from ground and burned stone, different colours from soft rock containing oxidised iron (hematite or ochre). A liquid binder was then applied, most often from egg white or milk, although urine, animal fat and blood were also used.
It is to these binding agents that we owe the remarkable longevity of the paintings.
The engravings were achieved through a method known as pecking, which involves
The use of a heavy, sharp stone. A second stone was sometimes used to bang the sharp stone like a pick.